How do I use the Camera Raw adjustments in Photoshop and Lightroom?
Introduction to Camera Raw adjustments
Histogram: Lightroom has
added a feature to the Histogram, the ability to view where
highlight and shadow clipping occurs in your image (if at all).
Clicking the triangle icons in the top left and right hand corners,
enables to preview where clipping is occurring. Shadows which are
clipping will be shown in blue; highlights which are clipping will
be shown in red.
adjustments: Allows the Retoucher to control the
color, exposure, contrast, clarity and saturation. When making
these adjustments, follow the workflow order Lightroom has
suggested by making the adjustments in the order they appear. You
can always go back and tweak an adjustment, but it is best to work
Balance: The photographer can use the Lightroom
presets, use a densitometer to choose a neutral, or they can
manually set the white balance by using the Temp and Tint
The photographer will use the Exposure adjustment to set the
highlight point, and to rescue highlight details. Recovery
adjustment can be used to recover highlight details in an image.
Fill Light is used to recover shadow detail. The Blacks adjustments
controls the shadows clipping. Brightness and Contrast allow the
photographer to make adjustments between the tones between the
shadows and highlights.
3. Presence: Photographers
will use the Clarity adjustment to increase the contrast between
midtones. Vibrance is very similar to saturation, except Vibrance
offers nonlinear saturation which allows lower saturated pixels to
get a bigger boost of saturation and the higher saturated pixels
get a smaller boost. Which allows color to be pushed further
without clipping. Vibrance is great for increasing saturation in
portraits, because it prevent skin tones from being boosted.
Saturation offers a linear saturation, which can be great for
landscapes and architectural shots.
Curves: There are four main sliders which affect
the tone curves: Highlights, Lights, Darks, and Shadows. You can
use the sliders to adjust tone, or you can click anywhere in the
curve and make a tone move by moving your mouse up and down. You
can also use the Target Adjustment tool, which is located to the
left of the tone curve. By selecting on this tool you can click in
an area of the photo and drag the mouse up and down to lighten and
darken the tones.
5. HSL / Color /
Grayscale: This panel is for fine tuning targeted
Splitting: the main intend is tone photo which have
been converted to grayscale. This is an advanced adjustment, and
can be used to creatively adjust images.
7. Detail: This panel offers
tools for Sharpening, Noise Reduction and Chromatic Aberration.
Sharpening should be very minimal and should be evaluated at a 1:1
view setting. Noise Reduction should be used sparingly. Watch
extreme color adjustments while in Noise Reduction, because it will
blurring the image detail. Chromatic Aberration adjustments allow
Retouchers to minimize fringing and chromatic aberrations.
8. Vignettes: This tool can
decrease or increase the amount of lens vignetting. Photographers
can compensate light falloffs when working with studio lighting or
add a vignette for an effect.
Calibration: This feature allows you to create or
use customize camera calibrations. The intend is to have Lightroom
interpret the camera's native color space within the camera's