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How do I use the Camera Raw adjustments in Photoshop and Lightroom?

Introduction to Camera Raw adjustments

Histogram: Lightroom has added a feature to the Histogram, the ability to view where highlight and shadow clipping occurs in your image (if at all). Clicking the triangle icons in the top left and right hand corners, enables to preview where clipping is occurring. Shadows which are clipping will be shown in blue; highlights which are clipping will be shown in red.

Basic adjustments: Allows the Retoucher to control the color, exposure, contrast, clarity and saturation. When making these adjustments, follow the workflow order Lightroom has suggested by making the adjustments in the order they appear. You can always go back and tweak an adjustment, but it is best to work in order.

1. White Balance: The photographer can use the Lightroom presets, use a densitometer to choose a neutral, or they can manually set the white balance by using the Temp and Tint adjustments.

2. Tone: The photographer will use the Exposure adjustment to set the highlight point, and to rescue highlight details. Recovery adjustment can be used to recover highlight details in an image. Fill Light is used to recover shadow detail. The Blacks adjustments controls the shadows clipping. Brightness and Contrast allow the photographer to make adjustments between the tones between the shadows and highlights.

3. Presence: Photographers will use the Clarity adjustment to increase the contrast between midtones. Vibrance is very similar to saturation, except Vibrance offers nonlinear saturation which allows lower saturated pixels to get a bigger boost of saturation and the higher saturated pixels get a smaller boost. Which allows color to be pushed further without clipping. Vibrance is great for increasing saturation in portraits, because it prevent skin tones from being boosted. Saturation offers a linear saturation, which can be great for landscapes and architectural shots.

4. Tone Curves: There are four main sliders which affect the tone curves: Highlights, Lights, Darks, and Shadows. You can use the sliders to adjust tone, or you can click anywhere in the curve and make a tone move by moving your mouse up and down. You can also use the Target Adjustment tool, which is located to the left of the tone curve. By selecting on this tool you can click in an area of the photo and drag the mouse up and down to lighten and darken the tones.

5. HSL / Color / Grayscale: This panel is for fine tuning targeted color(s).

6. Tone Splitting: the main intend is tone photo which have been converted to grayscale. This is an advanced adjustment, and can be used to creatively adjust images.

7. Detail: This panel offers tools for Sharpening, Noise Reduction and Chromatic Aberration. Sharpening should be very minimal and should be evaluated at a 1:1 view setting. Noise Reduction should be used sparingly. Watch extreme color adjustments while in Noise Reduction, because it will blurring the image detail. Chromatic Aberration adjustments allow Retouchers to minimize fringing and chromatic aberrations.

8. Vignettes: This tool can decrease or increase the amount of lens vignetting. Photographers can compensate light falloffs when working with studio lighting or add a vignette for an effect.

9. Camera Calibration: This feature allows you to create or use customize camera calibrations. The intend is to have Lightroom interpret the camera's native color space within the camera's propriety software.






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